LESSON 7: Presentations

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BUSINESS SKILLS

LESSON 7: PRESENTATIONS


MAKING A PRESENTATION

AIM OF THE LESSON:
TO LEARN HOW TO OPEN AND STRUCTURE A PRESENTTION

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Pobierz lekcję w formacie PDF

READING

Are you afraid of public speaking? Who isn’t? 🙂

Read the text below.

Every single person who has ever done a speech in public will admit that they had been scared. We all know the usual signs, butterflies in the stomach, always on the toilet, even just wanting to be anywhere else but on stage!

But why? Why are we so scared of doing a public speech? Research has shown that people fear public speaking more than they fear dying! So why are we so

petrified
petrified
extremely frightened / przerażony
of getting up in front of an audience and delivering a speech.

Here is a list of ten reasons, why I believe people fear public speaking.

  • Fear Of Failure – People are scared of public speaking because people don’t want to fail.
  • Self Doubt – People don’t think that you are capable of speaking in front of an audience.
  • Vulnerability
    vulnerability
    able to be easily physically, emotionally, or mentally hurt, influenced or attacked / wrażliwość, podatność na zranienie
    – People feel scared and alone when standing on a stage with everyone’s eyes focused on them.
  • Personal Disabilities – For example you have
    a stutter
    stutter
    to speak or say something, especially the first part of a word, with difficulty, for example pausing before it or repeating it several times / jąkać się
    or you have a disfigured face, and people believe that others will laugh at them.
  • Fear Of Other People Judging You – People feel uncomfortable when others are forming an opinion of them.
  • Perfectionism/Expecting Too Much Of Yourself – People are so
    overwhelmed
    overwhelm
    to defeat someone or something by using a lot of force / przytłoczyć
    by the fact that everything has to be perfect that they don’t do it at all.
  • Fear Of A Large Audience – People are scared of standing in front of tens, hundreds, even thousands of people.
  • Lack Of Preparation – People feel that you are not prepared enough to deliver a speech
  • Stress – People do not like the stress of public speaking
  • Don’t Know How To – Some people just simply do not know how to write, prepare for and deliver your speech.

Whatever your reason of fearing public speaking, I strongly urge you to overcome your fear and do public speaking. Someone smart said „A life lived in fear is a life half lived.” I totally agree. If you are going to let your fears force you not to become a public speaker, then you are missing out big time.

Public speaking is fun. Yes, it is nerve-racking and

strenuous
strenuous
needing or using a lot of physical or mental effort or energy / wytężony, sforsowany
and often difficult, but it a lot of fun. I cannot highlight how satisfying it feels having hundreds of people laugh or cry or do whenever you want.

And of course, having those hundreds of people give you a big round of applause at the end of your presentation is a moment that I recommend all to experience. To have individuals come up and say „That speech was the best I have heard in years” or „That speech changed my life” or even having complete strangers come up and say „Thank you, that was great” – it doesn’t get any better than that.

Don’t let your fears stop you being a public speaker.


Which of those fears do you have?

Exercise 2: Speaking

Now: Complete the questions with the words from the box. Put the words in the correct grammar form.

petrify strenuous vulnerable overwhelm stutter

Do you find it to prepare a presentation?

Do you feel standing on a stage with everyone’s eyes focused on you?

Do you sometimes while giving a speech?

Do you feel by the fact that everthing has to be perfect?

Does it make you to deliver a speech?.

Click here, to see the key!

Do you find it streneuous to prepare a presentation?

Do you feel vulnerable standing on a stage with everyone’s evyes focused on you?

Do you sometimes stutter while giving a speech?

Do you feel overwhelmed by the fact that everthing has to be perfect?

Does it make you petrified to deliver a speech?

 

NOW ANSWER THE QUESTIONS FROM THE EXERCISE ABOVE.

 

Learn the main presentation phrases and you will feel confident while delivering a speech.

 

Exercise 3: Introduction – welcoming your audience and introducing yourself

If you feel frightened before starting your speech, learn your welcoming phrases by heart, take a deep breath, say them, relax and continue your speech.

You can choose your introduction from the samples below. Complete the phrases with proper words or expressions.

First of all Let me introducing delighted pleasure

Example 1

Good morning, ladies and gentleman. introduce myself. I’m ?

Example 2

Hello / Hi everyone! Let me just start by myself. My name is ?

Example 3

, let me thank you all for coming here today. My name is ?

Example 4

I am happy / that so many of you could make it today. Let me introduce myself ?

Example 5

It’s a to welcome / see you today. For those who don’t know me, my name is …

Click here, to see the key!

Example 1

Good morning, ladies and gentleman. Let me introduce myself. I’m ?

Example 2

Hello / Hi everyone! Let me just start by introducing myself. My name is ?

Example 3

First of all, let me thank you all for coming here today. My name is ?, let me thank you all for coming here today. My name is ?

Example 4

I am happy / delighted that so many of you could make it today. Let me introduce myself ?

Example 5

It’s a pleasure to welcome / see you today. For those who don’t know me, my name is …

To get your audience involved you have to open your presentation in an effective way.

Exercise 4: How would you effectively start a presentation? Give your own ideas!

 

By giving some interesting facts:

Click here, to see the key!
Suggested answers:
Did you know that ?? / I’d like to tell you about some amazing facts / I’d like to share with you an amazing figure.

By telling a story or an anecdote:

Click here, to see the key!
Suggested answers:
Let me tell you what happened to me the other day / at a conference in London / I remember when ? / My friend told me once about ? / etc.

By asking a rhetorical question:

Click here, to see the key!
Suggested answers:
Is the role of HR department really so crucial in the company strategy? / Do we really need ?/

By making your audience think about something:

Click here, to see the key!
Suggested answers:
How would you deal in such a situation? / What would you do if you ?? / What would be your first step?

Exercise 5: structuring phrases – useful presentation phrases

 

Order the phrases into a proper column. Put a tick in a proper column.

Phrases: INTRODUCING YOUR TOPIC STATING YOUR PURPOSE STRUCTURING
What I’d like to present to you today is ?
My today’s topic is ? / Today’s topic of my presentation is
In my presentation I’ll focus on 2 major issues / questions.
Today I am going to talk about …
The purpose / aim of this presentation is to ?
I’ve devided my presentation into four parts.
I am here today to present …
What I want to show today is …
In my talk I’ll tell you about / focus on / concentrate on …
The main points of my presentation are …
Today I’d like to discuss …
My objective is to …
Click here, to see the key!

Phrases: INTRODUCING YOUR TOPIC STATING YOUR PURPOSE STRUCTURING
What I’d like to present to you today is ?
My today’s topic is ? / Today’s topic of my presentation is
In my presentation I’ll focus on 2 major issues / questions.
Today I am going to talk about …
The purpose / aim of this presentation is to ?
I’ve devided my presentation into four parts.
I am here today to present …
What I want to show today is …
In my talk I’ll tell you about / focus on / concentrate on …
The main points of my presentation are …
Today I’d like to discuss …
My objective is to …

Exercise 5: USEFUL PHRASES

Rewrite the sentences and put the words in the correct order.

First / at some / I’ll be looking at / sales figures / important / I will give / second / some other examples / and / I will draw / third / a conclusion.

Before / I’d like to / I move on / of my presentation / to recap / to the next point / the first part

As I mentioned / have / to work / we / our sales figures / before / on increasing.

At this point / something / I have to / completely different / turn to

Let me / that / eleborate / on / issue.

Click here, to see the key!

 

  • First, I’ll be looking at some important sales figures, second I will give you some other examples, and third I will draw a conclusion.
  • Before I move on to the next point, I’d like to recap the first part of my presentation.
  • As I mentioned before we have to work on increasing our sales figures.
  • At this point I have to turn to something completely different.
  • Let me eleborate on that issue.

 

Exercise 6 ? look at the sentences again and write relevant descriptions next to them:

MOV – moving on to the next point SEQ ? sequencing
SUM – summarizing a point REF – reffering to something which is off the topic
GIV – giving more details GOBack – going back to something mentioned earlier
  • First, I’ll be looking at some important sales figures, second I will give you some other examples, and third I draw a conclution.
  • Before I move on to the next point, I’d like to recap the first part of my presentation.
  • As I mentioned before we have to work on increasing our sales figures.
  • At this point I have to turn to something completely different.
  • Let me eleborate on that issue.
Click here, to see the key!

  • First, I’ll be looking at some important sales figures, second I will give you some other examples, and third I draw a conclution. / SEQ – sequencing
  • Before I move on to the next point, I’d like to recap the first part of my presentation. / MOV + SUM – moving on to the next point & summarizing a point
  • As I mentioned before we have to work on increasing our sales figures. / GOBack – going back to sth mentioned earlier
  • At this point I have to turn to something completely different. /REF – reffering to sth which is off the topicv
  • Let me eleborate on that issue. / GIV – giving more details

Exercise 7 – useful phrases

Complete the extracts from presentations with the proper words or expressions from the box.

let?s move delighted attention devided
would like to talk eleborate firstly

Can I have everybody’s , please? Good morning everyone, my name is Petty Bricks and I am to see you all today ? especially at this early time of the day. 🙂 What I about today, is the ?green issue? which is of such an importance for us and our planet. I have my talk into three main parts in which we will discuss three questions. I will explain what is recycling, secondly I will on how important it is for us and thirdly I will tell you the different possibilities of recycling. So to the first question. I’m sure everyone knows the answer, but let’s look at this subject from a different perspective.

Click here, to see the key!

Can I have everybody’s attention, please? Good morning everyone, my name is Petty Bricks and I am delighted to see you all today ? especially at this early time of the day. 🙂 What I would like to talk about today is the ?green issue? which is of such an importance for us and our planet. I have divided my talk into three main parts in which we will discuss three questions. Firstly I will explain what is recycling, secondly I will eleborate on how important it is for us and thirdly I will tell you the different possibilities of recycling. So let’s move on to the first question. I’m sure everyone knows the answer, but let’s look at this subject from a different perspective.

turn to let me show I?d like to stress in this part
let me give you let me come back this leads us take a closer

All right, so this is the background and the reason why we purchased this tool of recruitment. Has anyone got any questions? No? So, let’s move on to the next point and look at this tool which is a new and modern programm designed for a recruitment process. This programm was developed only a year ago and is meant to make the lives of recruiters easier. of my talk I’d like to concentrate on the main functions of this tool. So, a brief overview of the useful functions. The program collects and analyses all data that are sent to our system. to my next point, which is a question of how can we use those analysed data. you a few examples. So much for the possibilities of using the data. Let’s now the next issue, and mainly to the question of how the program works. to what I said earlier ? the ABD program was developed to make the lives of recruiters easier. So how can we benefit from it? First of all, that the program is extremely user friendly.

Click here, to see the key!

All right, so this is the background and the reason why we purchased this tool of recrutiment. Has anyone got any questions? No? So, let’s move on to the next point and take a closer look at this tool which is a new and modern programm designed for a recruitment process. This programm was develpoed only a year ago and is meant to make the lives of recruiters easier. In this part of my talk I’d like to concentrate on the main functions of this tool. So, let me give you a brief overview of the useful functions. The program collects and analyses all data that are sent to our system. This leads us to my next point, which is a question of how can we use those analysed data. Let me give you a few exapmles. (?) So much for the possibilities of using the data. Let’s now turn to the next issue, and mainly to the quesiton of how the program works. Let me come back to what I said earlier ? the ABD program was developed to make the lives of recruiters easier. So how can we benefit from it? First of all, I’d like to stress that the program is extremely user friendly.