LESSON 4: PUBLIC RELATIONS

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ENGLISH FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES

LESSON 4: PUBLIC RELATIONS

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WARM UP ? SPEAKING: EXPLAIN THE GRAPH!

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Source: http://brandstyle.pl/oferta.html

Would you add anything else to the PR field? If yes, what?

What do you know about PR? What is it for you?

 

Complete the definition of PR with the words from the box

audiences publics persuade

 

Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the flow of information between an organization and its . Public relations provides an organization or individual exposure to their using topics of public interest and news items that do not require direct payment. Their aim is often to the public, investors, partners, employees and other stakeholders to maintain a certain point of view about the company, its leadership, products or of political decisions. Common activities include speaking at conferences, winning industry awards, working with the press, and employee communication.

Click here, to see the key!

Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the flow of information between an organization and its publics. Public relations provides an organization or individual exposure to their audiences using topics of public interest and news items that do not require direct payment. Their aim is often to persuade the public, investors, partners, employees and other stakeholders to maintain a certain point of view about the company, its leadership, products or of political decisions. Common activities include speaking at conferences, winning industry awards, working with the press, and employee communication.

SPEAKING:

Look at the picture! Explain what you can see in it.

 

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Have you ever thought of working as a PR specialist? If yes, why? If not, why?

What makes a perfect PR specialist? Have your say!

 

VOCABULARY EXERCISE

Complete the job description with adequate attributes. Choose the attributes from the box below. Three of the attributes do not belong to the description of a PR specialist.

 

self confidence an eye for a detail action orientation
self discipline creativity problem solving

 

Public relations specialists communicate with the public on behalf of companies, organizations or governments. They are also called communications or media specialists. A public relations specialist spreads his or her employer’s or client’s message to the public, often using the media as a

conduit
conduit
a pipe or passage for water or electrical wires to go through / kanał.

Those who want to work as public relations specialists should have these attributes:

  • the ability to communicate clearly
  • initiative
  • good judgement
  • an outgoing personality

Writing, , decision making and research skills are also a must for aspiring public relations specialists. The ability to work on a team is also important.

Click here, to see the key!

Public relations specialists communicate with the public on behalf of companies, organizations or governments. They are also called communications or media specialists. A public relations specialist spreads his or her employer’s or client’s message to the public, often using the media as a conduit.

Those who want to work as public relations specialists should have these attributes:

  • the ability to communicate clearly
  • creativity
  • initiative
  • good judgement
  • an outgoing personality
  • self confidence

Writing, problem solving, decision making and research skills are also a must for aspiring public relations specialists. The ability to work on a team is also important.

 

EXTEND YOUR KNOWLEDGE!

 

 

READING – read the text below and answer the questions.

PUBLIC RELATIONS / Methods, tools and tactics

Traditional public relations tools include press releases and press kits which are distributed to the media to generate interest from the press. Other widely used tools include brochures, newsletters and annual reports. Increasingly, companies are utilizing interactive social media outlets, such as blogs, Microblogging and social media. Unlike the traditional tools which allowed for only one-way communication, social media outlets allow the organization to engage in two-way communication, and receive immediate feedback from various stakeholders. There are two types of Two-way communication, Two-way asymmetrical public relations and Two-way symmetrical public relations. An asymmetrical public relation model is unbalanced. In this model an organization gets feedback from the public and uses it as a basis for attempting to persuade the public to change. A symmetrical public relation model means that the organization takes the interests of the public into careful consideration and public relations practitioners seek a balance between the interest of their organization and the interest of the public.

Video and audio news releases (VNRs and ANRs) are often produced and distributed to TV outlets in hopes they will be used as regular program content, with or without acknowledgment of the source. One emerging theme is the application of psychological theories of impression management.

Advertising dollars in traditional media productions have declined and many traditional media outlets are seeing declining circulation in favor of online and social media news sources. One site even tracked the death of newspapers. As readership in traditional media shifts to online media, so have the focus of many in public relations. Social media releases, search engine optimization, content publishing, and the introduction of podcasts and video are other burgeoning trends.

The development of social media increased the speed of breaking news, so public relations professionals no longer have the luxury of time to construct a news statement after a daily news deadline. The viral effect of social networks require adequate training and real-time social media monitoring in order to detect the early signs of breaking news.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_relations

 

EXERCISES ? UNDERSTANDING THE TEXT

 

EXERCISE 1: Build the questions to the text and answer them.

 

1. What / traditional / include / public relation / tools ? (Present Simple)

QUESTION:

ANSWER:

 

2. What / other / interactive /social media outlets / start / utilize / companies ? (Present Continuous)

QUESTION:

ANSWER:

 

3. What / the difference / is / an asymmetrical public relation model / between / and / a symmetrical public relation model ?

QUESTION:

ANSWER:

 

4. Why / video and audio news releases / often / produced and distributed / are / to TV outlets ?

QUESTION:

ANSWER:

 

5. What / cause / the development / social media / of ? (Present Perfect)

QUESTION:

ANSWER:

 

VOCABULARY EXERCISE –
Use the highlighted expressions from the text in the sentences below. Remember to use them in a correct grammar form.
widely used seek a balance detect early signs
receive feedback generate interest shift to
burgeon

 

  1. Giving and is one of the most difficult things to do in communicating.
  2. Why did the European nations of power after the 30 year war and what method did they use?
  3. Muller?s eyes the telephone.
  4. The mouse is the most animal in research labs.
  5. The company hoped to profit from communications industry.
  6. This issue has a great deal of among employees.
  7. and symptoms of this disease is very difficult.
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  1. Giving and receiving feedback is one of the most difficult things to do in communicating.
  2. Why did the European nations seek a balance of power after the 30 year war and what method did they use?
  3. Muller?s eyes shifted to the telephone.
  4. The mouse is the most widely used animal in research labs.
  5. The company hoped to profit from the burgeoning communications industry.
  6. This issue has generated a great deal of interest among employees.
  7. Detecting the early signs and symptoms of this disease is very difficult.

 

CHECK YOUR MEMORY – Do you remember the definitions from the previous lessons? Match the words with their explanations.

 

Look at the definitions of some words from the text above. Match them with the highlighted words in the text.

No DEFINITION WORD
1. BRANDING is a form of communication used to encourage or persuade an audience (viewers, readers or listeners) to continue or take some new action.
2. MARKETING is the practice of managing the flow of information between an organization and its publics.
3. ADVERTISING is a marketing practice of creating a name, symbol or design that identifies and differentiates a product from other products
4. PUBLIC RELATIONS (PR) is the process which creates, communicates, delivers the value to the customer, and maintains the relationship with customers.
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No DEFINITION WORD
1. BRANDING 3 is a form of communication used to encourage or persuade an audience (viewers, readers or listeners) to continue or take some new action.
2. MARKETING 4 is the practice of managing the flow of information between an organization and its publics.
3. ADVERTISING 1. is a marketing practice of creating a name, symbol or design that identifies and differentiates a product from other products
4. PUBLIC RELATIONS (PR) 2 is the process which creates, communicates, delivers the value to the customer, and maintains the relationship with customers.

 

Look at the pictures and label them with proper definitions of:

  • MARKETING,
  • BRANDING,
  • ADVERTISING
  • PR

 

Picture number 1

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Picture number 2

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Picture number 3

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Picture number 4

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Click here, to see the key!

Picture number 1 ? marketing

Picture number 2 ? public relations

Picture number 3 ? advertising

Picture number 4 – branding