LESSON 6: PRODUCTION

ENGLISH FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES

LESSON 6: PRODUCTION

 

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WARM UP ? what are your associations with „PRODUCTION”

 

BRAINSTORM YOUR IDEAS

schemat1

 

 

     SPEAKING:

 

NOW: Explain your associations, using the following pattern:

When I think „PRODUCTION”, I think about … .

Or

I associate „boredom” with „PRODUCTION” because… .

 

Complete the definition of „PRODUCTION” with the words from the box.

 

tangible goods methods

 

What is „production”?

The processes and employed to transform inputs (raw materials, semi-finished goods, or subassemblies) and intangible inputs (ideas, information, knowledge) into or services.

Source: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/production.html

Click here, to see the key!

What is „production”?

The processes and methods employed to transform tangible inputs (raw materials, semi-finished goods, or subassemblies) and intangible inputs (ideas, information, knowledge) into goods or services.

 

    SPEAKING

Look at the synonyms of tangible and intangible. Use them to explain the notion of „production”. While explaining, try to use your own words.

Tangible  -> real, concrete, physical, substantial, visible
Intangible  -> indefinite, obscured, unreal, abstract

 
EXTEND YOUR KNOWLEDGE!


 
Read the text about the outline of production and order the different kinds of industries to the proper type of production sector.

 

water industry research and development service providers
contruction farming logging


Types of production

  • Industry ? production of an economic good or service within an economy. Industry is divided into four sectors, or types of production; they are:

Primary sector – this involves the extraction of resources directly from the Earth, this includes agricultural and resource extraction industries. In these industries, the product (that is, the focus of production) is a natural resource.

  1. Agriculture ?
    cultivation
    <b>cultivation</b><br/>to prepare land and grow crops on it, or to grow a particular crop / uprawa
    of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food,
    fiber
    <b>fiber</b><br/>any of the thread-like parts which form plant or artificial material and which can be made into cloth / włókno
    , and other products used to
    sustain
    <b>sustain</b><br/>to keep alive / podtrzymywać
    life.
    • Animal husbandry ? agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock.
    • ? cultivating land for the purpose of agricultural production.
    • Fishing ? activity of catching or
      harvesting
      <b>harvest</b><br/>the time of year when crops are cut and collected from the fields, or the activity of cutting and collecting them, or the crops which are cut and collected / zbierać żniwa, plony
      fish and other aquatic animals such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
    • Forestry ? creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and associated resources in a sustainable manner to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit.
  2. Resource
    extraction
    <b>extraction</b><br/>the process of removing or taking out something / wydobycie
    • Fishing ? activity of catching or harvesting fish and other aquatic animals such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
    • ? harvesting timber, including cutting,
      skidding
      <b>skid</b><br/>to slide along a surface so that you have no control / ślizgać się, wpaść w poślizg
      , on-site processing, and loading trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.
    • Mining (outline) ? extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, from an ore body, vein or (coal) seam.
    • Extraction of petroleum ? process by which usable petroleum (oil) is extracted and removed from the earth.
    • Extraction of natural gas ? Natural gas is commercially extracted from oil fields and natural gas fields.
    • ? provides drinking water to residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the economy.

Secondary sector ? involves the processing of raw materials from primary industries, and includes the industries that produce a finished, tangible product.

  • ? process that consists of the building or assembling of infrastructure, including buildings, roads, dams, etc.
  • Manufacturing ? process which involves tools and labor to produce goods for use or sale. Ranges from handicraft to high tech industrial production.

Tertiary sector ? this group is involved in the provision of services. They include teachers, managers and other

Quaternary sector ? the part of the economy that produces knowledge-based services.

  • Information industry
  • Information generation and sharing
  • Information technology
  • Consulting services
  • Education
  • Financial planning services

 
Click here, to see the key!

Types of production

  • Industry ? production of an economic good or service within an economy. Industry is divided into four sectors, or types of production; they are:

Primary sector – this involves the extraction of resources directly from the Earth, this includes agricultural and resource extraction industries. In these industries, the product (that is, the focus of production) is a natural resource.

  1. Agriculture ? cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life.
    • Animal husbandry ? agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock.
    • Farming ? cultivating land for the purpose of agricultural production.
    • Fishing ? activity of catching or harvesting fish and other aquatic animals such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
    • Forestry ? creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and associated resources in a sustainable manner to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit.
  2. Resource extraction
    • Fishing ? activity of catching or harvesting fish and other aquatic animals such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
    • Logging ? harvesting timber, including cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.
    • Mining (outline) ? extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, from an ore body, vein or (coal) seam.
    • Extraction of petroleum ? process by which usable petroleum (oil) is extracted and removed from the earth.
    • Extraction of natural gas ? Natural gas is commercially extracted from oil fields and natural gas fields.
    • Water industry ? provides drinking water to residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the economy.

Secondary sector ? involves the processing of raw materials from primary industries, and includes the industries that produce a finished, tangible product.

  • Construction ? process that consists of the building or assembling of infrastructure, including buildings, roads, dams, etc.
  • Manufacturing ? process which involves tools and labor to produce goods for use or sale. Ranges from handicraft to high tech industrial production.

Tertiary sector ? this group is involved in the provision of services. They include teachers, managers and other service providers.

Quaternary sector ? the part of the economy that produces knowledge-based services.

  • Information industry
  • Information generation and sharing
  • Information technology
  • Consulting services
  • Education
  • Research and development
  • Financial planning services

 

VOCABULARY EXERCISE -> Use the highlighted expressions from the text in the sentences below.

 

sustain skid harvest
fiber extraction cultivate

 

  1. The are woven into fabric.
  2. Trevor’s bus on some ice and hit a tree.
  3. The villagers mostly maize and beans.
  4. The soil in this part of the world is not rich enough to a large population.
  5. Farmers are reporting a bumper (very big) this year.
  6. Methods of vary from mine to mine.

 

Click here, to see the key!

  1. The fibers are woven into fabric.
  2. Trevor’s bus skidded on some ice and hit a tree.
  3. The villagers cultivate mostly maize and beans.
  4. The soil in this part of the world is not rich enough to sustain a large population.
  5. Farmers are reporting a bumper (very big) harvest this year.
  6. Methods of extraction vary from mine to mine.

 

 

 GRAMMAR ? IRREGULAR PLURAL FORM ?us -> -i.

 

In the text about types of production, find an example of an irregular plural form.

Click here, to see the key!

fungi / fungus -> fungi

 
 

 Do you know other nouns that end with „?us” and change into „?i” in the plural form.

! REMEMBER:

If a noun ends with „?us” it changes into „?i” in plural.

Informally they can also have an ending ?es.

 

For example:

cactus  -> cacti / cactuses
nucleus  -> nuclei / nucleuses
focus  -> foci / focuses
fungus  -> fungi / funguses

 

 Now complete the sentences with the plural forms of: cactus, focus, fungus, nucleus.
 

1. Mushrooms and mould are .

2. The always lie on the major (longest) axis, spaced equally each side of the center.

3. Promotes the study, conservation, propagation and cultivation of and other succulent plants.

4. Physics of Atomic Nuclei was founded in 1965 as the leading Russian journal on elementary particles and .

 

Click here, to see the key!

  1. Mushrooms and mould are fungi / funguses.
  2. The foci always lie on the major (longest) axis, spaced equally each side of the center.
  3. Promotes the study, conservation, propagation and cultivation of cacti and other succulent plants.
  4. Physics of Atomic Nuclei was founded in 1965 as the leading Russian journal on elementary particles and nuclei.

EXTEND YOUR EXPRESSIONS WITH „PRODUCTION”.

 

Customer service Quiz ? build the questions.

1. Product budget volume of products that can be generated by a production plant or enterprise in a given period by using current resources.
2. Product capacity an operational state whereby a company cannot increase output of a specific good or service without additional costs.
3. Product concept activities involved in handling materials, parts, assemblies, and subassemblies, from their raw or initial stage to the finished product stage in an organized and efficient manner. It may also include activities such as planning, scheduling, routing, dispatching, storage, etc.
4. Product efficiency management philosophy that buyers prefer goods and services which are cheap and widely available.
5. Product control a financial plan for items that are in the process of being manufactured. A typical production budget for a manufacturing business will contain an estimate of the number of units that need to be produced in order to meet sales targets and inventory requirements.

 

Click here, to see the key!

Production budget – a financial plan for items that are in the process of being manufactured. A typical production budget for a manufacturing business will contain an estimate of the number of units that need to be produced in order to meet sales targets and inventory requirements.

Production capacity – volume of products that can be generated by a production plant or enterprise in a given period by using current resources.

Prodcution concept – management philosophy that buyers prefer goods and services which are cheap and widely available.

Production efficiency – an operational state whereby a company cannot increase output of a specific good or service without additional costs.

Production control – activities involved in handling materials, parts, assemblies, and subassemblies, from their raw or initial stage to the finished product stage in an organized and efficient manner. It may also include activities such as planning, scheduling, routing, dispatching, storage, etc.

Read more: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/production-control.html#ixzz1wARrFfRc

 

VOCABULARY EXERCISE

 

Build sentences with the expressions from the previous exercise.

Complete the extracts with the following expression (only one expression in each extract is correct):

production capacity production budget production efficiency
production concept production control

 

1.

„Practiced by earlier industrials, it soon became an standardized practice. Ford, considered as one of the early champions of this concept once remarked that Americans can get any car from Ford until it is black. This is one of the most famous quotes in Marketing stressing the importance of and level of stress and importance given to it.”

2.

„How does production planning differ from in an organization? Production planning is the projected flow of production, while is the systematic approach to control the flow of projected production.”

3.

The is prepared after the sales budget. The lists the number of units that must be produced during each budget period to meet sales needs and to provide for the desired ending inventory.

4.

„In today’s markets, manufacturers must steadily increase productivity to stay ahead of the competition. Typically, however, they don’t have the luxury to start from scratch. Instead, they need to enhance their existing operation by improving  flexibility, and customer orientation in their current environment.”

5.

„Ford Motor Company announced today it is tripling of its electrified vehicle lineup through 2013, further boosting volumes of its all-new C-MAX Hybrid and C-MAX Energi plug-in hybrid, which begin production next year.”

 

Click here, to see the key!

1.

„Practiced by earlier industrials, it soon became an standardized practice. Ford, considered as one of the early champions of this concept once remarked that Americans can get any car from Ford until it is black. This is one of the most famous quotes in Marketing stressing the importance of Production concept and level of stress and importance given to it.”

2.

„How does production planning differ from production control in an organization?

Production planning is the projected flow of production , while production control is the systematic approach to control the flow of projected production.”

3.

The production budget is prepared after the sales budget. The production budget lists the number of units that must be produced during each budget period to meet sales needs and to provide for the desired ending inventory.

4.

„In today’s markets, manufacturers must steadily increase productivity to stay ahead of the competition. Typically, however, they don’t have the luxury to start from scratch. Instead, they need to enhance their existing operation by improving production efficiency, flexibility, and customer orientation in their current environment.”

5.

„Ford Motor Company announced today it is tripling production capacity of its electrified vehicle lineup through 2013, further boosting volumes of its all-new C-MAX Hybrid and C-MAX Energi plug-in hybrid, which begin production next year.”

4.

?In today?s markets, manufacturers must steadily increase productivity to stay ahead of the competition. Typically, however, they don?t have the luxury to start from scratch. Instead, they need to enhance their existing operation by improving production efficiency, flexibility, and customer orientation in their current environment.? 

5.

?Ford Motor Company announced today it is tripling production capacity of its electrified vehicle lineup through 2013, further boosting volumes of its all-new C-MAX Hybrid and C-MAX Energi plug-in hybrid, which begin production next year.?