LESSON 6 – Agreeing and disagreeing. Talking about fashion.

NETWORKING

  • Agreeing and disagreeing. Talking about fashion

 

 

Pobierz lekcję w pliku PDF

 

WARM UP

THINK and ANSWER

  • Is the statement below TRUE or FALSE?

There are no differences between small talk between women and this of men.

Read the extract from Wikipedia and try to fill in the gaps using the words from the grid.

putdowns

patterns

enable

common

insults

disclosure

 

Gender differences.

Speech between women tend to be more collaborative than those of men, and tend to support each other’s involvement in the conversation. Topics for small talk are more likely to include compliments about some aspect of personal appearance. For example, „That dress really suits you.” Small talk between women who are friends may also involve a greater degree of self . Topics may cover more personal aspects of their life, their troubles, and their secrets. This self-disclosure both generates a closer relationship between them and is also a signal of that closeness.

By contrast, men’s small talk tends to be more competitive. It may feature verbal sparring matches, playful insults, and . However, in a way these are also both creators and signals of solidarity; the men are signalling that they are comfortable enough with each other’s company to be able to say these things without them being taken as .

Cultural differences

Small talk rules and topics can differ widely between cultures. Weather is a common topic in regions where the climate has great variation and can be unpredictable. Questions about the family are usual in some Asian and Arab countries. In cultures or contexts that are status-oriented, such as China and Japan, small talk between new acquaintances may feature questions that social categorization of each other. In many European cultures it is to discuss the weather, politics or the economy, although in some countries personal finance issues such as salary are considered taboo.

Click here, to see the key!

Gender differences.

Speech patterns between women tend to be more collaborative than those of men, and tend to support each other’s involvement in the conversation. Topics for small talk are more likely to include compliments about some aspect of personal appearance. For example, „That dress really suits you.” Small talk between women who are friends may also involve a greater degree of self disclosure. Topics may cover more personal aspects of their life, their troubles, and their secrets. This self-disclosure both generates a closer relationship between them and is also a signal of that closeness.

By contrast, men’s small talk tends to be more competitive. It may feature verbal sparring matches, playful insults, and putdowns. However, in a way these are also both creators and signals of solidarity; the men are signalling that they are comfortable enough with each other’s company to be able to say these things without them being taken as .

Cultural differences

Small talk rules and topics can differ widely between cultures. Weather is a common topic in regions where the climate has great variation and can be unpredictable. Questions about the family are usual in some Asian and Arab countries. In cultures or contexts that are status-oriented, such as China and Japan, small talk between new acquaintances may feature questions that social categorization of each other. In many European cultures it is to discuss the weather, politics or the economy, although in some countries personal finance issues such as salary are considered taboo.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_talk

 

EXTENDING YOUR VOCABULARY

Exercise 1:

Match the definitions with the words from the text.

pattern

?

1. to make someone able to do something

disclosure

?

2. an offensive remark or action

putdown

?

3. a particular way in which something is done, is organized, or happens:

common

?

4. the act of making something known or the fact that is made known

insult

?

5. the same in a lot of places or for a lot of people:

enable

?

6. a negative statement about someone; an insult

 

Click here, to see the key!

pattern 3 / disclosure 4 / putdown 6 / common 5 / insult 2 / enable 1

 

 

Exercise 2

Complete the sentences with the words from the previous exercise. Some of the words have to be put in a correct grammar form.

enable

put-down

insults

common

pattern

disclosures

 

 

  1. She made several about my appearance.
  2. Saving enough money now will you to retire comfortably.
  3. It’s quite to see couples who dress alike.
  4. Calling American workers lazy was a mean-spirited .
  5. The of family life has been changing over recent years.
  6. Some of the in the final report were very surprising.
Click here, to see the key!

  1. She made several insults about my appearance.
  2. Saving enough money now will enable you to retire comfortably.
  3. It’s quite common to see couples who dress alike.
  4. Calling American workers lazy was a mean-spirited put-down.
  5. The pattern of family life has been changing over recent years.
  6. Some of the disclosures in the final report were very surprising.

 

SPEAKING

Understanding the text.

Exercise 1: practice the new vocabulary in speaking.

Answer the questions using the words from previous exercises and from the text.

1. What do the speech patterns between women tend to be?

2. What can small talk between women who are friends involve?

3. What does men?s small talk tend to be?

4. What do men usually talk about in their small talk?

5. What do men try to show when using in their small talks insults and put-downs?

6. Are there any differences between small talks in different cultures?

Exercise 2

Look at expressions below. Using your own words, paraphrase them and explain what they mean.

  • speech patterns tend to be more collaborative
  • (small talk) involve a greater degree of self disclosure.
  • (insults and put-downs) are also both creators and signals of solidarity

 image8

PART TWO

AGREEING AND DISAGREEING. TALKING ABOUT FASHION.

Exercise 1

Agreeing and disagreeing ? useful phrases.

Look at the words in the box. Use them to build 10 phrases that express agreement.

I have to I?m afraid That?s exactly I agree with Jon how I feel
side with him on this one No doubt I suppose with you more I guess
about it so a point here so 100 percent
I was just going You have to say that I couldn?t agree I agree with you
Click here, to see the key!

1. That’s exactly how I feel.
2. I’m afraid I agree with Jon.
3. I have to side with him on this one.
4. No doubt about it.
5. I suppose so.
6. I guess so.
7. You have a point there.
8. I couldn’t agree with you more.
9. I was just going to say that.
10. I agree with you 100 percent.

Look at the rest of the phrases. Learn them by heart.

  • That’s so true.
  • Excactly.
  • That’s for sure.
  • You’re right.
  • Absolutely.

Exercise 2 ? agreeing and disagreeing ? useful phrases.

Look at the phrases below and order them into a proper column.

Neither do I I don’t think so Not necessarily No way
You’re absolutely right I beg to differ That’s not always the case I’d go along with that
You’re absolutely right Yes, I agree That’s not always true I’m afraid I disagree
I’d say the exact opposite I think so too I agree with you entirely I totally disagree
I couldn’t agree more That’s just what I was thinking No, I’m not so sure about that
Phrases to agree Phrases to disagree

 

Click here, to see the key!

Phrases to agree Phrases to disagree
  • Of course.
  • You’re absolutely right.
  • Yes, I agree.
  • I think so too.
  • That’s a good point.
  • Exactly.
  • I don’t think so either.
  • So do I.
  • I’d go along with that.
  • That’s true.
  • Neither do I.
  • I agree with you entirely.
  • That’s just what I was thinking.
  • I couldn’t agree more.
  • I don’t think so.
  • No way.
  • I’m afraid I disagree.
  • I totally disagree.
  • I beg to differ.
  • I’d say the exact opposite.
  • Not necessarily.
  • That’s not always true.
  • That’s not always the case.
  • No, I’m not so sure about that.

Which disagreement phrases would you define as ?strong? ones? Highlight them.

Click here, to see the key!

No way. / I totally disagree. / I?d say the exact opposite.

SPEAKING: TALKING ABOUT FASHION ? USEFUL WORDS

Exercise 1:

Look at the words below and order them to a proper category.

old-fashioned accessory design trend modern display
buttons attire artificial bargain attractive comfortable
luxurious embellish casual evening gown bulky lace
collection walk label garment elegant design
catwalk glossy stylish make-up
Nouns Verbs Adjectives
Click here, to see the key!

Nouns Verbs Adjectives
accessory design artificial
attire display attractive
buttons embelish bulky
bargain walk casual
catwalk elegant
collection comfortable
evening gown fashionable
fabric glossy
garmet luxurious
label modern
lace old-fashioned
trend stylish
make-up

Speaking exercises ? TALKNG ABOUT FASHION

Exercise 1:

Check the meanings of the words you don?t know, from the previous exercise and build sentences with them

Exercise 2:

What questions about fashion would ask when starting a small talk conversation?
Suggested answers:

  • Are you interested in fashion?
  • Are you a fashionista?
  • What is your style?
  • Do you follow the fashion trends?
  • What kind of clothes do you buy?
  • Who is your favourite fashion designer?
  • What are your favourite brands?
  • What high street brands do you like?
  • Do you like second hand or thrift shop clothes?
  • Do you make your own clothes?
  • Do you mix-and-match styles?
  • How do you think will be the trend for 2014?

 

Exercise 3:

Answer the questions from suggested answers.

Exercise 4:

Now look at the statements below and say whether you agree with them or not. Justify your opinion by explaining why. Use the expressions from exercises about agreeing and disagreeing.

FASHION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT.
FAHION IS MORE THAN JUST CLOTHING.
FASHION IS A WASTE OF MONEY.
FASHION INDUSTRY MAKES TOO MUCH MONEY.
MODELS SHOULDN?T EARN A LOT OF MONEY.
GIRLS UNDER 18 SHOULDN?T GO INTO FASHION INDUSTRY.

Exercise 5:

Match the titles of the articles with the pictures.

  1. Logo tees and shouty slogans are hitting the mainstream.
  2. The athletic trend comes brimming with old-school attitude.
  3. Embellishment still holds us in its thrall.
  4. Black and white gets a fresh modern makeover.
  5. An explosion of florals burst forth from the catwalks.

1. image10
2. image14
3. image13
4. image12
5. image11

Click here, to see the key!

1. Logo tees and shouty slogans are hitting the mainstream. -> picture number 1
2. The athletic trend comes brimming with old-school attitude. -> picture number 5
3. Embellishment still holds us in its thrall. -> picture number 2
4. Black and white gets a fresh modern makeover. -> picture number 4
5. An explosion of florals burst forth from the catwalks. -> picture number 3