LESSON 2: Giving advice

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WARM UP

THINK:
  • Do you like giving advice?
  • Do you often ask for advice?

 

WATCH OUT!

Do you know the difference between: ADVICE /?d?va?s/ and ADVISE/?d?va?z/

 

Which word is a verb and which one is a noun?

  • suggestions about what you think someone should do or how they should do something (a noun)
  • to make a suggestionabout what you think someone should do or how they should do something (a verb)
Click here, to see the key!

 

  • suggestionsabout what you think someone should do or how they should do something (a noun) – ADVICE
  • to make a suggestionabout what you think someone should do or how they should do something (a verb) – ADVISE

THINGS TO REMEMBER

NEVER SAY:

Can you give me AN ADVICE, please?

Advice is an uncountable noun, so:

  • it is never used in the plural
  • it never comes after an or a number

? Naomi Wolf gave me a good advice in her book.

? Naomi Wolf gave me some good advice in her book.

? They were always there to give practical advices.

? They were always there to give practical advice.

 

Q: How can I refer to a single item of advice, rather than to advice in general?

A: Advice is mostly used on its own or with some.

  • If you’re worried about it, contact your doctor for advice.
  • I think you should get some advice from a professional.

You can also say a word of advice, a piece of advice, or (informally) a bit of advice. But none of these expressions is common.

Don’t confuse advice (a noun) and advise (a verb):

? I would advice you to choose this company.

? I would advise you to choose this company.

Source: http://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/advice#advice_3

USEFUL PHRASES FOR GIVING ADVICE

The most popular way of giving advice is by using the modal verb: ?should?. However we can also use other different phrases or expressions and words. Match the phrases or words with the construction that is used afterwards.

1. should to do something
2. had better I would do something
3. ought do something
4. how about do something
5. why don?t you doing something
6. if I were you do something
Click here, to see the key!

1. should do something
2. had better do something
3. ought to do something
4. how about doing something
5. why don?t you do something
6. if I were you I would do something

Examples of the structures above in context.

If you want to study French, you should start learning it right now.

If you want to lose weight, you shouldn?t eat so much chocolate.

You ought to drink less alcohol.

Why don?t you come jogging with me?

How about going to the cinema.

If I were you, I would stop smoking.

You?d better start learning now, if you have an exam tomorrow.

 

Speaking

Practise the words and phrases in the situations below:

  1. Your friend wants to lose weight.
  2. Your colleague is not happy with his workplace.
  3. You best friend is not happy with her job.
  4. You sister doesn?t know if she wants to buy a house or a flat.
  5. Your son wants to study languages.

HOW CAN WE ASK FOR ADIVCE POLITELY

Imagine you are in business situation and you would like to give advice in a more polite way than just saying: you should or you ought to. How can you make the phrases more polite so you sound more diplomatic and gentle?

Look at the ideas below:

Next time, you might want to think about (not) . . .

You might want to ?

Have you thought about ?

Have you considered ??

Did you consider (not) . . . ?

In your position, I would ?

You could perhaps think about ?

You might want to consider ?

You might like to think about ?

Well, If I were you, next time I would (not) . . .

If you ask me, it probably would have been better (not) to have . . .

The way I see it, you probably should (not) have . . .

You could ?

What I would do is ?

You could try ?.

 

SPEAKING

Practice the polite expressions by using the phrases above. Try to soften your advice.

  1. Your new colleague is often late for work. You know your boss doesn?t like it. You would like to give your colleague advice so he or she doesn?t come late. Try to sound nice and diplomatic.
  2. Your colleague has prepared a new logo for a new project. It is in red. You know that your manager hates this colour. Try to give your colleague advice so he changes the colour of the logo. Try to sound as diplomatic as possible.
  3. Your colleague didn?t prepare a report for your manager. You are aware that this is a very important report. Try to remind your colleague about it and tell him / her in a nice way to do it as soon as possible in order to avoid unpleasant consequences.

 

INTERNER SEARCH

Search in the Internet for other polite ways of giving and asking for advice.

Check this website: https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/fl-giving-advice.htm

 

WATCHING and LISTENING

Watch the film and remember the structure: